The Anti-Racism Legislation came into effect on January 1st 1995. At the same time Switzerland joined the «International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination» of the United Nations.
Criticism of Israel, which has been on the rise since the late 1970s, has various causes and sources. Generally speaking, they can be separated into two larger categories. Firstly, antizionism, which brings into question the basic right of existence of the State of Israel and secondly, the criticism of Israel’s politics and policies.