Freedom of speech is highly valued in Switzerland. Comparable to other rights, the freedom of speech is not absolute. In situations in which an equal or higher right is infringed, a freedom can be restricted. This is particularly the case, when human dignity, protected by the Anti-Racism Legislation, is attacked. Incitement of hatred against a specific race or religion or other ways of degrading them are examples of such attacks.
Criticism of Israel, which has been on the rise since the late 1970s, has various causes and sources. Generally speaking, they can be separated into two larger categories. Firstly, antizionism, which brings into question the basic right of existence of the State of Israel and secondly, the criticism of Israel’s politics and policies.
The Anti-Racism Legislation came into effect on January 1st 1995. At the same time Switzerland joined the «International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination» of the United Nations.
The internet and especially social media platforms have become the go-to place for hate speech against minority groups.